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Trade Customs of the Printing Industry

In the summer of 1992, Printing Industries of America, the National Association of Printers and Lithographers, and the Graphic Arts Technical Foundation embarked on a re-evaluation and revision of the printing industry’s trade customs. Industry trade customs were last updated in 1985 by the three associations. Since that time, advances in technology and resulting business practices caused those trade customs to become out of date.

The trade customs revision effort was led by long-time industry activist Bill Treadaway, working with the oversight and guidance of an ad-hoc committee of representatives from the three associations and a steering committee of graphic arts executives.

Some 250,000 survey forms were distributed throughout the three associations’ memberships and inserted into numerous trade publications.

Building upon the previous trade customs, a new set of trade customs was drafted. They are based on the survey responses, input and suggestions from many industry sources, research inside and outside the graphic arts industry, all subject to legal review. The new trade customs were officially approved in the Spring of 1994 by the boards of each of the three associations involved.

Please read our Terms and Conditions carefully as they are based on the following Trade Customs of the Printing Industry and cover access and use of this website. By accessing or using any page of this website, you agree to be bound by our terms and conditions.


1. QUOTATION
A quotation not accepted within thirty days may be changed.


2. ORDERS
Acceptance of orders is subject to credit approval and contingencies such as fire, water, strikes, theft, vandalism, acts of God, and other causes beyond the providers’ control. Cancelled orders require compensation for incurred costs and related obligations.


3. EXPERIMENTAL WORK
Experimental or preliminary work performed at customer’s request will be charged to the customer at the provider’s current rates. This work cannot be used without the provider’s written consent.


4. CREATIVE WORK
Sketches, copy, dummies and all other creative work developed or furnished by the provider are the provider’s exclusive property. The provider must give written approval for all use of this work and for any derivation of ideas from it.


5. ACCURACY OF SPECIFICATIONS:
Quotations are based on the accuracy of the specifications provided. The provider can re-quote a job at time of submission if copy, film, tapes, disks, or other input materials don’t conform to the information on which the original quotation was based.


6. PREPARATORY MATERIALS:
Art work, type, plates, negatives, positives, tapes, disks, and all other items supplied by the provider remain the provider’s exclusive property.


7. ELECTRONIC MANUSCRIPT OR IMAGE:
It is the customer’s responsibility to maintain a copy of the original file. The provider is not responsible for accidental damage to media supplied by the customer or for the accuracy of furnished input or final output. Until digital input can be evaluated by the provider, no claims or promises are made about the provider’s ability to work with jobs submitted in digital format, and no liability is assumed for problems that may arise. Any additional translating, editing, or programming needed to utilize customer-supplied fi les will be changed at prevailing rates.


8. ALTERATIONS/CORRECTIONS:
Customer alterations include all work performed in addition to the original specifications. All such work will be charged at the provider’s current rates.


9. PREPRESS PROOFS:
The provider will submit prepress proofs along with original copy for the customer’s review and approval. Corrections will be returned to the provider on a “master set” marked “OK”,OK with corrections”, or “Revised proof required” and signed by the customer. Until the master set is received, no additional work will be performed. The provider will not be responsible for undetected production errors if:
• Proofs are not required by the customer;
• The work is printed per the customer’s OK.;
• Requests for changes are communicated orally.


10. PRESS PROOFS:
Press proofs will not be furnished unless they have been required in writing in the provider’s quotation. A press sheet can be submitted for the customer’s approval as long as the customer is present at the press during make ready. Any press time lost or alterations/corrections made because of the customer’s delay or change of mind will be charged at the provider’s current rates.


11. COLOR PROOFING:
Because of diff erences in equipment, paper, inks, and other conditions between color proofing and production pressroom operations, a reasonable variation in color between color proofs and the completed job is to be expected. When variation of this kind occurs, it will be considered acceptable performance.


12. OVER-RUNS OR UNDER-RUNS:
Over-Runs or Under-Runs will not exceed 10% of the quantity order. The provider will bill for actual quantity delivered within this tolerance. If the customer requires a guaranteed quantity, the percentage of tolerance must be stated at the time of quotation.


13. CUSTOMER’S PROPERTY:
The provider will only maintain fire and extended coverage on property belonging to the customer while the property is in the provider’s possession. The provider’s liability for this property will not exceed the amount recoverable from the insurance. Additional insurance coverage may be obtained if it is requested in writing, and if the premium is paid to the provider.


14. DELIVERY:
Unless otherwise specifi ed, the price quoted is for a single shipment, without storage, F.O.B. provider’s platform. Proposals are based on continuous and uninterrupted delivery of the complete order. If the specifications state otherwise, the provider will charge accordingly at current rates. Charges for delivery of materials and supplies from the customer to the provider, or from the customer’s supplier to the provider are not included in quotations unless specified. Title for finished work passes to the customer upon delivery to the carrier at shipping point; or upon mailing of invoices for the fi nished work of its segments, whichever occurs first.


15. PRODUCTION SCHEDULES:
Production schedules will be established and followed by both the customer and the provider. In the event that production schedules are not adhered to by the customer, delivery dates will be subject to negotiation. There will be no liability or penalty for delays due to state of war,riot, civil disorder, fire, strikes, accidents, action of government or civil authority, acts of God, or other causes beyond the control of the provider. In such cases, schedules will be extended by an amount of time equal to delay incurred.


16. CUSTOMER-FURNISHED MATERIALS:
Materials furnished by customers or their suppliers are verifi ed by delivery tickets. The provider bears no responsibility for discrepancies between delivery tickets and actual counts.Customer-supplied paper must be delivered according to specifications furnished by the provider. These specifi cations will include correct weight,thickness, pick resistance, and other technical requirements. Artwork, film, color separations, special dies, tapes, disks, or other materials furnished by the customer must be usable by the provider without alteration or repair. Items not meeting this requirement will be repaired by the customer, or by the provider at the provider’s current rates.


17. OUTSIDE PURCHASES:
Unless otherwise agreed in writing, all outside purchases as requested or authorized by the customer, are chargeable.


18. TERMS/CLAIMS/LIENS:
Payment is net cash 30 calendar days from date of invoice. Claims for defects, damages or shortages must be made by the customer in writing no later than 10 calendar days after delivery. If no such claim is made, the provider and the customer will understand that the job has been accepted. By accepting the job, the customer acknowledges that the provider’s performance has fully satisfi ed all terms, conditions, and specifications. The Provider’s liability will be limited to the quoted selling price of defective goods, without additional liability for special or consequential damages. As security for payment of any sum due under the terms of an agreement, the provider has the right to hold and place a lien on all customer property in the provider’s possession. This right applies even if credit has been extended, notes have been accepted, trade acceptances have been made, or payment has been guaranteed. If payment is not made, the customer is liable for all collection costs incurred.


19. LIABILITY:
A. Disclaimer of Express Warranties: Provider warrants that the work is as described in the purchase order. The customer understands that all sketches, copy, dummies, and preparatory work shown to the customer are intended only to illustrate the general type and quality of the work. They are not intended to represent the actual work performed.

B. Disclaimer of Implied Warranties: The provider warrants only that the work will conform to the description contained in the purchase order. The provider’s maximum liability, whether by negligence, contract, or otherwise, will not exceed the return of the amount invoiced for the work in dispute. Under no circumstances will the provider be liable for specifi c, individual, or consequential damages.


20. INDEMNIFICATION:
The customer agrees to protect the provider from economic loss and any other harmful consequences that could arise in connection with the work. This means that the customer will hold the provider harmless and save, indemnify, and otherwise defend him/her against claims,demands, actions and proceedings on any and all grounds. This will apply regardless of responsibility for negligence.

A. Copyrights. The customer also warrants that the subject matter to be printed is not copyrighted by a third party. The customer also recognizes that because subject matter does not have to bear a copyright notice in order to be protected by copyright law, absence of such notice does not necessarily assure a right to reproduce. The customer further warrants that no copyright notice has been removed from any material used in preparing the subject matter for reproduction. To support these warranties, the customer agrees to indemnify and hold the provider harmless for all liability, damages, and attorney fees that may be incurred in any legal action connected with copyright infringement involving the work produced or provided.

B. Personal or Economic Rights. The customer also warrants that the work does not contain anything that is libelous or scandalous, or anything that threatens anyone’s right to privacy or other personal or economic rights. The customer will, at the customer’s sole expense, promptly and thoroughly defend the provider in all legal actions on these grounds as long as the provider:

• Promptly notifies the customer of the legal action
• Gives the customer reasonable time to undertake and conduct a defense. The provider reserves the right to use his or her sole discretion in refusing to print anything he or she deems illegal, libellous, scandalous, improper or infringing upon copyright law.


21. STORAGE:
The provider will retain intermediate materials until the related end product has been accepted by the customer. If requested by the customer, intermediate materials will be stored for an additional period at additional charge. The provider is not liable for any loss or damage to stored material beyond what is recoverable by the provider’s fire and extended insurance coverage.


22. TAXES:
All amounts due for taxes and assessments will be added to the customer’s invoice and are the responsibility of the customer. No tax exemption will be granted unless the customer’s “Exemption Certifi cate” (or other official proof of exemption) accompanies the purchase order. If, after the customer has paid the invoice, it is determined that more tax is due, then the customer must promptly remit the required taxes to the taxing authority, or immediately reimburse the provider for any additional taxes paid.


23. TELECOMMUNICATIONS:
Unless otherwise agreed, the customer will pay for all transmission charges. The provider is not responsible for any errors, omissions, or extra costs resulting from faults in the transmission.



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